Everything you need to know about Natural Diamonds, this Diamond Month


Everything you need to know about Natural Diamonds, this Diamond Month

They’re known to take your breath away; natural diamonds are nature’s best kept secret. Often referred to as a girl’s best friend, they make for an exceptional and exquisite gift. Yes indeed, each one of us at some point of time wished we could own diamonds, if only to flaunt them with a new outfit. These miracles of nature have enchanted the world and have become a must-have on everyone’s wish list. If you’re born in April, kudos on having the diamond as your birthstone. Read on for some interesting facts about these alluring jewels.

 

Many natural diamonds are discovered in an octahedral shape.

Natural diamonds are formed hundreds of miles below earth’s surface. They are brought to the surface by volcanic eruptions and are formed from a single element-carbon, which means that a diamond is 100% carbon. Many diamonds, when naturally discovered, are in an octahedral shape. Think of this as two pyramids placed back to back to each other. They are then sent for processing, to be cut, polished, and set into the jewellery we see today.

 

Diamonds have always been considered to be invincible.

Natural diamonds are billions of years old; some even as old as three billion. Diamonds come from the Greek word ‘Adamas’ which means ‘Invincible’. The ancient Romans and Greeks believed that diamonds were tears cried by the gods while they also believed that diamonds were splinters from falling stars. They were symbolic of wealth, light, brilliance, riches, enduring love and power.

 

Diamonds are the birthstone of those born in April.

If you are born in April, you are lucky enough to call diamonds your birthstone. Also known as the ‘Stone of Immortality’, diamonds symbolize eternal love and faith; and they have been associated with longevity, strength, beauty and happiness for years together. And that’s why natural Diamond jewellery would be the perfect gift for a loved one born in April.

 

Diamonds and love have a history together.

The Romans believed that Cupid’s arrow tips were coated with diamonds, which is possibly the earliest link between diamonds and love. The association of diamond rings and love dates back to Vienna 1477, when Archduke Maximilian of Austria presented a diamond ring on his engagement to Mary of Burgundy. Fast forward to today and this romantic tradition of proposing with a diamond ring is still religiously followed all around the world. Diamonds have become synonymous with eternal love, owing to the longevity, eternal sparkle and resilience of a natural diamond. Did you know that the engagement ring is traditionally worn on the fourth finger of the left hand? This is because it is believed that this finger has a vein (Vena Amoris- meaning vein of love) that directly connects to the heart.

Only diamonds can cut diamonds

Diamonds are the hardest naturally occurring substance on the earth. It is interesting to know that the only thing that can cut a diamond is another diamond. Hence the polishing and cutting of natural diamonds is done with a spinning wheel, which is coated with diamond dust. Most jewellery grade diamonds take hours and sometimes weeks to cut, depending on the size. Special diamond-coated surfaces are used to grind and cut this jewel.

 

The cut of the diamond determines its brightness.

Natural Diamonds are cut to increase brilliance and create sparkle. Its cut grade measure how well its facets interact with light and is one of the determining criteria of its value. The angle, location and size of the facets are what gives a diamond its beautifully finished, perfected look.

 

Diamonds are weighed in carats.

Did you know that carats are a unit of weighing diamonds? The term ‘Carat’ comes from the ancient practice of weighting precious stones against carob seeds-which were believed to be equal in weight and identical in size. One metric carat is equal to 200 milligrams.  Carats can also be measured in points where 100 points equals a full carat. If a diamond’s weight is greater than one carat, it is measured in carats and decimals. The cost of diamonds is dependent on the number of carats in the diamond. It is interesting to note, however, that other factors such as cut, clarity and colour play a major role in determining the value of a diamond. The bigger the natural diamond, the higher its carat weight and the more it costs per carat.

 

The Cullinan (Star of Africa) is the largest natural diamond in the world.

The Cullinan diamond, with a weight of 1.3 pounds and constituting 3106 carats, is the largest gem quality, natural diamond in the world. It has an extraordinary blue-white colour and impeccable clarity, which is the reason for it being the most celebrated diamond in the world. The Cullinan was originally found in 1905 in the Premier Mine in Pretoria, South Africa. It was named after Thomas Cullinan, who was the mine’s chairman.

The Cullinan was later cut into nine large stones and about 100 smaller ones. The larger cut stones from the Cullinan are on display in the Tower of London. The Cullinan I, the largest cut stone, is mounted in the British Sovereign’s Royal Sceptre, while the Cullinan II, the second largest cut stone, sits in the Imperial State Crown.

We hope you learnt something new about diamonds, this diamond month. Besides being the most sought-after jewel, diamonds are truly nature’s gift. Do share this article with someone who loves diamonds as much as you do.